History: The Fiano grape variety has a long and rich history in Campania, dating back to ancient times. It was once known as the “Apianum” grape, and was highly valued by the ancient Romans for its aromatic qualities and ability to produce complex, age-worthy wines. Today, Fiano is considered one of Italy’s most distinctive white grape varieties, and is prized for its complexity, minerality, and bright acidity.
Fiano has experienced a remarkable surge in popularity over the last decade, expanding beyond its historical roots in the hills between Avellino and Benevento to become a widely planted grape variety around the world. With its reputation as a serious grape capable of producing wines that are exciting in their youth and continue to impress with age, Fiano owes much of its modern success to the efforts of leading Campanian families and wineries such as Mastroberardino and Feudi di San Gregorio, who have helped elevate Fiano alongside other notable varieties like Greco and Aglianico.
Style: Fiano is a white grape variety that is primarily grown in Southern Italy, particularly in the Campania region. It is known for producing full-bodied and aromatic wines with flavors of citrus, tropical fruits, and a distinct nuttiness. The Fiano grape finds its best expression in the DOCG appellation of Fiano di Avellino due to the region’s unique volcanic soil, high altitude, and cooler temperatures. The resulting wines are complex, with notes of honey, hazelnuts, and a rich minerality.
Locations: While the Fiano grape is most commonly associated with Campania, it has also been successfully cultivated in other regions around the world. In Australia, Fiano has gained popularity in recent years and is now grown in several wine regions, including McLaren Vale, Riverland, and the King Valley. In addition, Fiano has been planted in California, particularly in the Sierra Foothills, where it is valued for its ability to produce wines with bright acidity and tropical fruit flavors. Fiano has also been found to grow well in the high-altitude vineyards of Argentina’s Salta region, where it produces wines with notes of honey, dried fruits, and a minerality reminiscent of its Campanian counterparts. Overall, Fiano’s success in these regions highlights its adaptability and potential to produce distinctive and high-quality wines in diverse terroirs around the world. Fiano’s success in these regions highlights its adaptability and potential to produce distinctive and high-quality wines in diverse terroirs around the world.