Located close to the Spanish border and the French town of Perpignan, the Côtes du Roussillon appellation incorporates wines made across 32 districts in the department of Pyrénées-Orientales, Around 80% of the production is allocated to red wine, where varieties such as Grenache, Syrah, Carignan Noir and Mourvèdre dominate. An AOC since 1977, it covers 1,600 hectares of varied terrain, but most notably granite and schist to the northwest, red calcareous soils near Corbières, and stony terraces in the south of the appellation.
Crémant de Limoux is a sparkling wine appellation for white wines made from Chardonnay and Chenin Blanc (maximum 90%) as well as small amounts of Pinot Noir and Mauzac (maximum 40%, with a maximum 20% Mauzac). It is made in the Limoux area in the eastern foothills of the Pyrénées, south of the city of Carcassonne.
The Languedoc AOC replaced the original Côteaux-du-Languedoc AOC in 2007. Stretching along the Mediterranean coast, from the Spanish border as far as the Roman town of Nimes, reaching up to the stony foothills of the Montagne Noire and the Cevennes, the Languedoc appellation is home to a diverse range of wine-making.
Minervois is a small appellation in the heart of the Languedoc region, producing red wines from a range of varieties such as Carignan, Grenache, Lledoner Pelut and Mourvedre. White wines are made from Viognier, Marsanne, Roussanne, Maccabeu, Bourboulenc, Rolle, Clairette Blanche and Muscat.
The Pays d’Oc is a catch-all IGP appellation expanding across the Languedoc, making it one of of the largest in France. Terrain varies significantly, incorporating steep slopes, hilly peaks, vineyards, garrigue vegetation and of course the Mediterranean. There are dozens of varieties planted here with an increasing amount of experimentation. There are some truly excellent wines made using this IGP, but there are also many of mediocre quality.
Pic Saint Loup is one of the Languedoc’s recent appellations. The village produces high quality wines. Located around 25 km north of Montpellier, Pic Saint Loup marks the foothills of the Cévennes and this stunning area of natural beauty is home to some of the region’s most prized wines.
Produced since 1982, Saint-Chinian offers both red and white wines from one of the Languedoc’s oldest growing areas. Whites are frequently made with Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne and Rolle. Reds are made with Syrah and Grenache. The appellation is distinctive for its schist in the north and clay and limestone soils in the south.